A Neurotransmitter is a chemical messenger released by neurons to stimulate neighboring neurons, muscles, or gland cells. There are many neurotransmitters, including Dopamine, Acetylcholine, and Glutamate. Here's a look at types of neurotransmitters: Here's a quick look at how neurotransmission works:


Glutamate is "a neurotransmitter that excites cells of the central nervous system." "Glutamate is considered to be the major mediator of excitatory signals in the mammalian central nervous system and is involved in most aspects of normal brain function including cognition, memory and learning."

Cerebral Cortex

The Cerebral Cortex is the "furrowed outer layer of gray matter in the cerebrum of the brain, associated with the higher brain functions, as voluntary movement, coordination of sensory information, learning and memory, and the expression of individuality." The cerebral cortex is involved in many body functions, including: Determining IntelligenceDetermining PersonalityMotor FunctionPlanning and OrganizationTouch SensationProcessing Sensory … Continue reading Cerebral Cortex


According to, Cortisol is "A metabolite of the primary stress hormone cortisone. Cortisol is an essential factor in the proper metabolism of starches, and it is the major natural glucocorticoid (GC) in humans." According to a Psychology Today article, Cortisol is "public health enemy number one. Scientists have known for years that elevated cortisol levels: interfere with learning and memory, … Continue reading Cortisol