Fredrich Froebel

You are here:
← Back

Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852) was a German educator who became known as the creator of kindergarten. In 1837 Froebel opened an infant school in Prussia, originally called Child Nurture and Activity Institute. He later was inspired to change the name of his school to Kindergarten, meaning ‘garden of children’. Froebel insisted that improvement of early education was vital to comprehensive educational and social reform.

Froebel also started a publishing company for play and other educational materials. He published a collection of Mother Play and Nursery Songs which was translated into several languages. He also developed a series of simple educational materials, which he called gifts and occupations. His gifts were simple geometric figures that allowed for more open-ended play. Froebel’s gifts have developed into the Tinkertoys, unit blocks, color cubes and Cuisinaire Rods used in today’s schools. Froebel’s occupations were loose parts that children could manipulate freely such as clay, sand, beads, and rope.1

Another of Froebel’s most important contributions to educational theory was his belief in ‘self-activity’ and play as essential in education. Teachers were not meant to drill children but to encourage their self-expression through play, both individually and in group activities.2

Additional Resources:

Contact us with questions, concerns, and comments about this Early Learning Glossary Entry.

Thanks To Our June 2020 Patrons

Do It Yourself Early Literacy

Register Now

Support Playvolution HQ

creating free content isn’t free

If you find our content here useful, entertaining, or interesting, consider ways you can support the site and our efforts to keep the content flowing.

For example, using our affiliate link when shopping Amazon is a great way to help-you pay the same amount and we receive a small percentage that’ll help keep the site up and running.

You can also support our work by becoming a patron via Patreon

Josie is an early childhood educator turned children's librarian from Kansas City, MO. When she's not promoting play and early literacy, she loves to spend time with her family and travel. During her rare moments of free time, you can find Josie curled up with a cat and a good book. Feel free to reach out to her with early literacy questions or ask for book recommendations.

Notes

  1. “https://pgpedia.com/f/friedrich-froebel
  2. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Friedrich-Froebel
Tags:
Subscribe
Notify of
guest

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments