Handout | Gray’s Conditions Of Play

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Here at Playvolution HQ, we think that Peter Gray’s book Free To Learn is one of the best books on play in decades and wish all parents and caregivers would read it. We’re also big fans of Gray’s Nov 19, 2008 post to his Freedom To Learn blog entitled The Value of Play I: The Definition of Play Gives Insights (another everyone-who-spends-time-with-children-should-read item).

Alas, we know that not everyone has the time or inclination to do so much reading. With that in mind, we’ve put together this handout featuring a truncated explanation of Gray’s Conditions Of Play excerpted from the above-mentioned blog post and expanded upon in Free To Learn.

It’s our belief that as time passes, Gray’s conditions of play will become as revered and appreciated as Bloom’s Taxonomy and Maslow’s Hierarchy. We also hope this handout will inspire some to dig deeper and check out Gray’s original works.


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Jeff is an early learning speaker, toymaker, podcaster, content creator, author, and founder of Playvolution HQ who is really bad at getting his picture taken.

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